VoIP with Asterisk on Synology via Docker
Having successfully banished our need for a physical phone from upstairs, everything changed. My Raspberry Pi is being repurposed for a family member and I now have a Synology DiskStation.
Thus I needed to find a way to run Asterisk on my Network Array Storage (NAS) device. Asterisk provides Voice Over IP (VoIP) and it needs an always on computer to work. Previously my Raspberry Pi performed that role, now my DiskStation must take its place.
I knew that Docker would be part of the eventual solution but I was surprised by how long it has taken to find workable images and settings.
What follows are my notes for getting this working.
Docker Image and Synology SettingsSynology provide a Docker package through the Package Center. Using this edition of Docker, I settled upon the following image by Andrius Kairiukstis:
Launch this image with the following settings:
- Advanced Settings > Enable auto-restart
- Advanced Settings > Network > Use the same network as Docker Host
By applying Use the same network as Docker Host there is no need to specify port mapping or exposing ranges. The container is free to open ports and chatter away. This does go against the contained nature of Docker but for this situation it bypasses many problems.
Alpine Linux and AsteriskNext set up Asterisk. Create a terminal session to the running Docker container. Do this by Secure Shell (
ssh) into the Synology and connect to the Asterisk container using:
sudo docker exec -it asterisk-alpine shThe container is named
asterisk-alpinein this example and
shis the command to execute.
Issue these commands to add any desired extras to Asterisk:
apk update apk search -v 'asterisk*' apk add asterisk-sounds-en
I did not immediately need any extra files but any use of the talking clock or answer machines will.
Repeat the configuration of the Raspberry Pi to set up lines and connect to the GrandStream HT-503 box.
Once set up, the
asterisk-alpine container consumed 24 MB of RAM and less than 1% CPU, and requires 33 MB of storage.